Diabetes is one of the most popular metabolic diseases worldwide, and its prevalence is rising every passing year, both in adults and children. Understanding diabetes requires knowing how is the energy used and distributed in our body and how the energy balance can be broken. People often say diabetes is a blood sugar disease, and while it is true, it is also a very simplistic way to describe it. Diabetes is the result of a hormonal imbalance affecting the way we store and utilize energy, and it has multiple effects in our circulation, cardiovascular health, and our immune system.
But it remains true to say that following an appropriate diet will make a difference and prevent the progression of the disease. There are many complications associated with diabetes, and by following a proper dietary advice, you will prevent nerve damage, blood circulation problems, wound healing problems, and severe cardiovascular diseases.
1Dietary changes to prevent diabetes and avoid complications
People with type 1 and type 2 diabetes have similar nutritional recommendations, and almost the same is applied to those with insulin resistance, which is often called pre-diabetes. So, either if you want to prevent or control the progression of diabetes and avoid complications, the recommendation is the same: reducing your glucose intake and choosing carefully the type of carbohydrate you are consuming and when.
Eating legumes, fruits and vegetables are always okay in patients with diabetes, excepting some types of sweet fruit. Cereals should be whole-wheat, and you should avoid all kinds of refined foods. However, you should stay away from fried foods, salty foods, sweets, and alcohol. It is advisable to eat at the same hour every day and control your glucose regularly in order to find a diet according to you. Finally, you should be careful with portions because even healthy foods can be harmful if consumed excessively.
As a part of your nutritional advice, it is essential to control your weight, either if you want to prevent diabetes or manage its symptoms. Obesity is strongly related to insulin resistance and the onset of diabetes, and sometimes losing weight is the most reliable way to lower your chance of suffering from diabetes and cardiovascular disease.